What don’t you know about the egg

We have been celebrating World Egg Day since 1996 – interesting fact, because you didn’t know about it until now, right? The originator of this holiday is the International Egg Commission (IEC) and its purpose is to promote the consumption of eggs.

We say egg, we think cholesterol, is it true or a myth? Truth and myth at the same time. It’s true that eggs contain cholesterol; myth that they raise cholesterol levels in the blood and are harmful to us. Eggs contain HDL cholesterol, i.e. the so-called good cholesterol, which our body must produce anyway.

Pharmacy in the henhouse, eat eggs instead of expensive medicines and dietary supplements. They include, among others: lutein and vitamin A, which are important for vision, lecithin, which is beneficial for brain function and memory, and choline, which can prevent dementia. They are one of the few sources of natural vitamin D and strengthen bones. They have a glycemic index of 0 (zero). They contain antiviral substances and are a natural antibiotic. Maybe that’s why cura in Italian (from Latin) means treatment, medicine?

How to check if an egg is fresh without breaking it? Just dip them in a glass of water. Fresh ones will stay on the bottom, slightly older ones will float or rotate slightly, and spoiled ones will float on or just below the surface. This happens because under the shell there is a bubble of gas created by the slow breakdown of proteins. The older the egg, the more gas it has.

How to distinguish a boiled egg from a raw one? Just place the egg on the table and start turning. When cooked, it will spin quickly, while when raw, it will wobble and rotate more slowly. Why? A boiled egg (especially a hard-boiled one) has a solid center, while in a raw egg the center moves inside the shell in all directions.

While incubating the egg, the hen turns it nearly 50 times a day to prevent the yolk from sticking to the side. The older the hen, the larger the eggs she lays; and the larger the eggs, the thinner the shell. The egg takes about 24 hours to form.

In the world of birds, the smallest eggs are laid by a hummingbird, specifically the Havana hummingbird. They are 5-6 millimeters long and weigh approximately 0.25 grams. The largest eggs are the African ostrich, they can weigh up to 2 kg.