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What don’t you know about the egg

We have been celebrating World Egg Day since 1996 - interesting fact, because you didn't know about it until now, right? The originator of this holiday is the International Egg Commission (IEC) and its purpose is to promote the consumption of eggs. We say egg, we think cholesterol, is it true or a myth? Truth and myth at the same time. It's true that eggs contain cholesterol; myth that they raise cholesterol levels in the blood and are harmful to us. Eggs contain HDL cholesterol, i.e. the so-called good cholesterol, which our body must produce anyway. Pharmacy in the henhouse, eat eggs instead of expensive medicines and dietary supplements. They include, among others: lutein and vitamin A, which are important for vision, lecithin, which is beneficial for brain function and memory, and choline, which can prevent dementia. They are one of the few sources of natural vitamin D and strengthen bones. They have a glycemic index of 0 (zero). They contain antiviral substances and are a natural antibiotic. Maybe that's why cura in Italian (from Latin) means treatment, medicine? How to check if an egg is fresh without breaking it? Just dip them in a glass of water. Fresh ones will stay on the bottom, slightly older ones will float or rotate slightly, and spoiled ones will float on or just below the surface. This happens because under the shell there is a bubble of gas created by the slow breakdown of proteins. The older the egg, the more gas it has. How to distinguish a boiled egg from a raw one? Just place the egg on the table and start turning. When cooked, it will spin quickly, while when raw, it will wobble and rotate more slowly. Why? A boiled egg (especially a hard-boiled one) has a solid center, while in a raw egg the center moves inside the shell in all directions. While incubating the egg, the hen turns it nearly 50 times a day to prevent the yolk from sticking to the side. The older the hen, the larger the eggs she lays; and the larger the eggs, the thinner the shell. The egg takes about 24 hours to form. In the world of birds, the smallest eggs are laid by a hummingbird, specifically the Havana hummingbird. They are 5-6 millimeters long and weigh approximately 0.25 grams. The largest eggs are the African ostrich, they can weigh up to 2 kg....

Why don’t we eat turkey eggs

We don't commonly eat turkey eggs because turkeys lay fewer eggs compared to chickens, and the eggs are larger and have a stronger flavor. Additionally, turkeys take longer to mature and start laying eggs, making turkey eggs less practical for commercial production and more difficult to sell. However, turkey eggs can be eaten and are said to have a richer flavor than chicken eggs....

Can raw egg be harmful

It’s worth noting that while raw eggs are a good source of protein and other nutrients, cooking eggs can increase the body’s ability to absorb the protein they contain. So, while there are some nutritional benefits to raw eggs, the potential health risks often outweigh them, and it’s generally safer to consume cooked eggs. Consuming raw eggs can indeed be harmful due to the risk of salmonella infection, which can cause symptoms like diarrhea, vomiting, fever, and abdominal cramps, so you should disinfect the egg shell. While the chances of an egg being contaminated with salmonella are relatively low, it’s still a significant concern, especially for certain groups of people who are more at risk, such as the elderly, pregnant women, young children, and those with weakened immune systems. Additionally, raw eggs may interfere with the absorption of biotin (vitamin B7), which is essential for the body’s production of glucose and fatty acids. To minimize the risks, it’s recommended to keep eggs refrigerated, use pasteurized eggs if consuming them raw, and cook eggs thoroughly. ...

Egg in Eastern medicine

According to Eastern medicine, eggs are the essence of life, a very nutritious product, ideal for people with many deficiencies. Like other food products of animal origin, eggs are best served for breakfast or lunch. Then the protein will have the appropriate time to be properly digested. We try to eat vegetarian or vegan dishes for dinner. Scrambled eggs with chives, pepper, onion, garlic and peppers will be a great idea for breakfast because it nourishes the blood and internal fluids and strengthens qi (energy). However, it should not be consumed in case of humid heat in the liver (hepatitis) or infection or stones in the gallbladder. They are beneficial for pregnant women - they have a calming, stabilizing effect on the fetus. In China, ginger eggs are prepared before birth and eaten every day by the mother during the postpartum period. They are also beneficial for children, especially when they are in the phase of intensive growth (hormone production), as well as for physically exhausted and elderly people....

Egg white under the microscope

One of the best sources of protein are eggs. A large egg (about 50-55 g) contains about 7 g of protein. This protein contains all the essential exogenous amino acids (i.e. those that must be supplied with food) and in ideal proportions. This means that its composition is most similar to that of body proteins and it is a protein of the highest biological value. As recognized by WHO (World Health Organization), chicken egg protein is the standard against which all other proteins found in various food products are compared. Egg protein helps in reducing body weight, supports eye health, takes care of the condition of the brain, protects against heart diseases, improves mood....

Unusual facts about eggs

The egg is one of Salvador Dali's favorite motifs. Hundred-year-old eggs are a characteristic dish of Chinese cuisine, stored from several weeks to several months. There are also connoisseurs who keep them for even years. The cooking time for a hard-boiled ostrich egg is about 2.5 hours. We check the freshness of an egg by placing the egg in a pot with water - if it sinks to the bottom, it is fresh. The egg has been a symbol of life, rebirth and new beginnings in most cultures around the world for centuries. Chicken eggs are the most popular, but it is also worth trying duck, goose or quail eggs. Each of them has its own unique taste characteristics and culinary uses. Eggs were used as medicine in ancient Egypt and China, and today they are a valued product in the diet of the elderly and children. In many fairy tales and legends, the egg is a magical source of power or the key to solving puzzles. In ancient Rome, eggs were dyed different colors and given as gifts on holidays....

How long to cook an egg

Eggs that are best digested are soft-boiled, i.e. for up to 4 minutes. Cooking too long (over 10 minutes) causes loss of vitamins and minerals reducing the nutritional value of protein by up to 40%. In addition, it causes sulfur to react with iron, creating a greenish ring around the yolk. If you are afraid to eat an egg raw (e.g. beef tartare dish), you can boil it soft - then the white is well set, but the yolk remains liquid. A soft-boiled egg retains nutritional values similar to those of a raw egg. The lutein present in eggs, which supports eyesight, is particularly sensitive to high temperatures, which is why most of it is found in soft-boiled eggs for a maximum of 4 minutes....

Protection of the OVO-TECH trademark

OVO-TECH has intellectual property trademark protection granted by the EUIPO (Intellectual Property Office responsible for managing the trade mark and the registered community design, based in Alicante, Spain). The certificate number is 018917594. Trademarks protect logos, sounds, words, colors, or symbols used by a company to distinguish its service or product. Although patents protect one product, trademarks may cover a group of products....

According to EU standards

According to European Union standards, each egg must be marked with a code so that buyers know where it comes from. 1(A) PL(B) 18(C) 32(D) 12(E) 98(F) What does this code mean? A – breeding method B – country of origin C – voivodeship D – district E – type of activity F – manufacturer's number The first symbol of the A code is the most important. Eggs from cage breeding are marked 3. Laying hens spend their entire lives locked in cages without the possibility of turning around, they peck and get sick, the animals are fed artificially with the addition of growth hormones and antibiotics. Eggs marked 2 from barn breeding come from hens kept indoors, but on litter where they have considerable freedom of movement. It is best to choose eggs marked with the number 1 from free-range hens and 0 from organic farms, from hens fed only with natural products....

Annual egg production

The global egg production in 2023 was estimated at 1,6 trillion eggs, which is a slight increase from the previous year. China was the largest egg producer, with 37 percent of the global share, followed by the United States and India. The Philippines also reported an annual increase of 2.8 percent in chicken egg production in the first quarter of 2023. In 2024 the egg production is projected to be 1,6 trillion eggs, which is the same as the estimated value for 2023. China, the United States, and India are expected to remain the top three egg producers in the world. The average revenue per capita in the eggs market is expected to be US$16.87 in 2024. The average volume per person in the eggs market is expected to be 6.2 kg in 2024. The price per unit of eggs is expected to be USD 2.72 per kg in 2024. ...

Read News, namely Mask R-CNN (Mask Regional Convolutional Neural Network) to detect egg yolks and classify them into two categories – proper yolks (ready for separation) and damaged yolks. News, machine learning means that our engineers didn’t manually specify the rules for yolk shape – instead, we have labeled images extracted out of production videos and made the algorithm use try-and-error with backpropagation algorithm to adjust it’s internal parameters. Now News, we have chosen this approach (after delivering initial solution based on manual feature engineering few years ago), because it achieved best accuracy and robustness to changing conditions.